Sullivan and Clinton

Despite their occupation of this land for thousands of years, this campaign scattered the Haudenosaunee and crippled the Confederacy but it did open up the west to European settler occupation including George Washington, who acquired land in Western New York.

Current Sign Text

Sullivan and Clinton
Observance of the Revolutionary War Campaign Against Indians
[Map shows the route the Sullivan and Clinton campaign took through New York State and where specific incidents happened.]

Problematic issues

The Onondaga Nation and the Haudenosaunee Confederacy leaders had decided to remain neutral during the conflict between the Colonies and England. The decision of their council leaders, however, did not prevent individuals from becoming involved in the conflict on their own.

George Washington and the Continental Congress chose to send a force against the Confederacy anyway. There is debate and different perspectives on whether this was retaliation for previous events, such as a “raid” or “battle” at Cherry Valley. This was more likely justification for seeing them as the "enemy" and conducting a "scorched earth" campaign against them. The Haudenosaunee were forced to escape for their lives to Fort Niagara near Buffalo. The harsh winter of 1779 caused the death of most of the refugees. This time is remembered with great sadness and pain resulting in lasting generational trauma.

There are many markers about this genocidal campaign across New York State written from the winners point of view.

Location

2307 Valley Drive

Significance

Indigenous Place Names for Site

 

Circumstances of Marker Placement

Erected 1929 by S.A.R.

Additional Information

For additional references to these events on this site see markers "Col Van Schaick" & "Site of".

On the occasion of the Sesquicentennial (150 yrs) celebrations were held throughout NYS. Markers were erected across the state as evidenced to this day. The following is part of an article in THE EVENING LEADER, CORNING. N. Y. FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 20, 1929.

"...The present plans provide for a parade, the presentation of the marker, an acceptance speech by Mayor Edwin J Smith and an address by Seymour Lowman, of Elmira. The New York State Historical Association which is meeting In Elmira next week will be here for the unveiling of the monument and it is expected that at least 100 automobiles will be necessary In bringing the association members to Painted Post.

The program wilt start about 10:30 o'clock Friday morning at which time the Post schools are to be dismissed. The parade will form in front of the school building, and will proceed to the public square for the unveiling ceremonies The parade will be beaded

by Corning Glass Works band with national colors and color guard furnished by the A. J. Carlton Post of the American Legion.

The Corning unit of the National Guard Is also co-operating in the arrangements and the guardsmen will turn out in full strength for the parade. Various organizations of the village have been Invited to take part but the acceptances have been rather slow. The Ingersoll-Rand Company has decided not to close down the shops for the occasion but all employees have been informed that they will be at liberty to attend the exercises. The merchants and other members of the Painted Post Chamber of Commerce are making plans to decorate the streets for the occasion. Efforts are being made, to secure the services of some Indians from the Onondaga reservation at Syracuse but nothing definite has been learned concerning this as yet. If the Indians can, be persuaded to come to painted Post, an Indian Village will be established on the lawn next to the Presbyterian Church where the red men will follow the primitive methods of their forefathers in their dally life. (Italics added)(The question might be asked, Why would they come to celebrate this campaign.)

The monument which is being presented by the state to the Village will stand six and a half feet high, three feat, two inchs (sic) wide and is 16 inches in thickness. On the face of the monument will lie a bronze plaque showing in remarkable bronze work a map of the entire Sullivan-Clinton campaign. The Inscription on the bronze plaque reads as follows: "Routes of the armies of General John Sullivan and General James Clinton 1773. An expedition against the hostile Indian nations which checked the aggressions of the English and Indians on the frontiers of New York and Pennsylvania extending westward the dominion of the United States."

The Painted Post program is one of about 30 minor observances of the Sesquicentennial of this famous campaign. ..."

Sources

http://sullivanclinton.com/intro.php

http://www.earlyamerica.com/review/1998/sullivan.html

http://www.crookedlakereview.com/articles/101_135/112summer1999/112cornell.html

Many news accounts of the Sesquicentennial celebrations are available at http://www.fultonhistory.com/Fulton.html

Review Details

Researched by Sue Eiholzer, 2012